India’s Struggle for Freedom
Further, the introduction of British system of education and a number of social reforms had infuriated a very wide section of the Indian people, soon became a widespread agitation and posed a grave challenge to the British rule. As a result of this agitation the East India Company was brought under the direct rule of the British Crown. Even though the British succeeded in crushing it within a year, it was certainly a popular revolt in which the Indian rulers, the masses and the militia participated so enthusiastically that it came to be regarded as the First War of Indian Independence.
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Rani Lakshmibai was the great heroine of the First war of India Freedom. She showed the embodiment of patriotism, self-respect and heroism.
She was the queen of a small state, but the empress of a limitless empire of glory. General Dyer's Jalianwala Bagh massacre followed the strike wave, when an unarmed crowd of 10, Baisakhi celebrators was mercilessly attacked with over rounds of ammunition.
Yet, Gandhi continued to advocate cooperation with the British in December , even as the resistance of ordinary Indians continued. The first six months of saw an even greater level of mass resistance, with no less than strikes taking place involving 1. It was in response to this rising mass revolutionary tide that the leadership of the Congress was forced to confront its conservatism and give a somewhat more militant face to its program.
The "non-violent non-cooperation" movement was thus launched under the stewardship of leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Lajpat Rai and Motilal Nehru. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi returned to India from South Africa in and took up the demand for self-rule and non-cooperation movement. Followed by an entourage of seventy nine ashram inmates, Gandhi embarked on his march from his Sabarmati Ashram on a mile trek to the remote village Dandi that is located on the shores of the Arabian Sea.
On 6th April , Gandhi with the accompaniment of seventy nine satyagrahis, violated the Salt Law by picking up a fistful of salt lying on the sea shore. Get the best of News18 delivered to your inbox - subscribe to News18 Daybreak.
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Finally, in , British India was partitioned. INC was divided into two groups mainly by extremists and moderates. Ghosh to be President. Gokhale changed the meeting place from Nagpur to Surat fearing that otherwise Tilak would get elected. The pact resulted in pressure being brought upon the British government for adopting a liberal approach, giving Indians more authority and for safeguarding the Muslim demands.go site
12 images from India's struggle for Freedom
He led from front the pacifist role of the movement and won the admiration and respect of the western world, especially countries which were under the clutches of the imperialism. Gandhi had earlier spearheaded movements demanding civil rights in many countries, especially the USA and South Africa.
He and Leo Tolstoy wrote to each other regularly — a correspondence which led to the non-violence movement for Indian independence. In Champaran village, farmers were forced to grow cash crops and pay heavy taxes, even in the face of a severe famine. Following the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, and other similar events, Gandhi led a series of protests.
His determination grew resulting in the mobilisation of a large following. He then called for a nation-wide non-cooperation movement and for the boycott of all British goods and services. The British people were able to withstand the impact as Indians paid unfair taxes on items like salt.